Negin saffron , coupe saffron
This is the best kind of Iranian Saffron that has the best quality and the highest coloring power. In order to collect Saffron Coupe (negin), farmers separate the red and large stigmas that the lower parts of their strands are connected together. There is no yellow part or cream in this type of Saffron. In the classification of Saffron Coupe, if the much taller stigmas are collected which the tips of them are bulkier and thicker, this type of Saffron is called super Saffron Coupe that is the most expensive and the finest kind of Saffron. In general, the coloring power of Saffron Coupe (negin) is between 230 and 270 degrees.
1. Mainly Ghayen and Birjand rural area use infusion Saffron like tea and hosting the guest by this prized drink. Iranian Saffron tea is usually common on harvesting seasons.
2. In ancient time Saffron was known as holy plant and utilizing in religious ceremonies by Jewish leaders for the god, although before Saffron been known as the spice and drug used as the color for writing down the holy books, according to the non-stability of Saffron color written with it became obsolete? Finally, Saffron color is used for cotton and silk coloration, yarn or silk will be boil with the hot water and in the next step Saffron add to it, if they want to turn it to green some indigo color would be added to it and then they’ll wash it again.
Properties and implication of saffron:
A_Corm of Saffron Plant:
According to the scientist researches, Corm of saffron contains, Glucose sparse acid, glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, arginine, lysine, histidine, praline, and leucine. According to the above discovery, saffron corm has 6 Amino acid from the 8th group of amino acids which are most required by the human body and if nutritionist and scientist confirm this fact it becomes as a nutritional source in the near future and an income source for the farmers.
The B-Compound composition of Saffron flowers
Human In the past before the production of artificial colors utilize natural colors rather than artificial ones in foods, pharmaceuticals, and industries rather than natural colors. Thereafter gradually artificial colors replaced by natural colors and utilizing natural colors decreased, considering this fact that using artificial colors are caused damage for human health, natural colors highlighted again. Saffron flowers include petals and sepals that usually after extracting stigmas are thrown away contains pigments that can be utilize in food. pharmaceuticals, confectionery beverages, in order to extracting and purification of saffron flower pigments, one of the researchers, managed to invent condensate essence by mincing the saffron flowers and adding white alcohol, also the weight of the achieved combination is equal to 7 percentage of flowers. According to the wide range of production saffron in Iran which is about 126 tones, it would be possible to gain 200 tones of colored substance, therefore it would be a new source of income for the farmers.