From Farm to Processing and Packing, have your wholesale
Saffron from first hand producer, Our Persian Saffron is
100% Natural, Pure with High Standard
We are more than a saffron producer,
We are building a healthy world
We guarantee our productions, with honesty and commitments
If you look for trustworthy saffron first hand producer to deal with you are in the right place we are prude to introduce ourselves as a major saffron producer in Iran. We produce pure natural saffron with very high quality standards .
Eyjan saffron producer company is an Iranian saffron producer which started its work since 1990 with a small business and few employers.Over the years by great efforts and produce high quality saffron, with commitments to honestyand satisfying our customers, we grew and became a reputable and big-name brand company. We do our best to produce premium saffron and we are confident that we have done well so far by our customers’ satisfaction. Flowing our commitments, we will constantly work for better services to keep our customers satisfied.We as an Iranian saffron producer are trying to supply natural and fresh saffron being cautious don’t use any pesticides, fertilizer and chemical substances.With the production of our own saffron, we have eliminated dealers as much as possible. So this will enable our organization to control the saffron price and you will buy saffron from fist hand saffron producer, furthermore the saffron producer makes enough profit and there is no needed to add impurities in saffron, consequently you will have a better quality saffron with better services for delivery and other export matters.
Since there is no dealer, our saffron price is fair due to its quality compared with the same quality saffron you buy from other saffron company.
So don’t hesitate and contact us to have pure and fresh saffron with the highest quality and fair price all over the world.
We export saffron to all over the world and we have permanent customers from countries such as Canada, Spain, Italy, Germany, France and USA…etc.
We have capability to accept large number of order and deliver it as soon as possible.
Eyjan saffron producer company generally produces the first class premium Negin saffron (coupe saffron) and pushal saffron (thread saffron) all red with high standards. We are constantly reviewing our production quality, consider the feed backs and benefit from new saffron production technology to guarantee our growth.
We are proud to announce that we are ready to start partnership around the world and we will support our business partners with our premium saffron, you can count on our fast responds, honesty, and trust. If you are a serious distributor and decisive to work with us, do not hesitate to contact us for more details.
Countries producing saffron in the world by the saffron companies
Saffron company usually own farms and processing saffron manufactures, Although, there is no exact statistics on the saffron amount and the number of countries producing saffron, generally, global saffron production in the world including also the consumption of saffron producers is estimated about 500 tons. About 100 tons of this amount is consumed by saffron manufacturers in the world or used in other food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical, and industrial products.
Countries such as Morocco, Nigeria, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Palestine, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, France, America, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh are also considered as saffron producers that account for about 15 percent of the global saffron production. Iran considered as the first saffron producer with many huge saffron companies.
Saffron company as the responsibility for constant quality observations they are also saffron wholesaler, In terms of quantity and quality, Iran ranks first among the largest saffron producers in the world even though there is no detailed statistics on the world's saffron production. But, according to estimates, Iran saffron supplier are producing about 95 percent of the total production of saffron in the world. In addition, most of the saffron amount produced in IRAN is also imported by other counties saffron wholesalers to Afghanistan or other countries market and sold as Afghan saffron in the international market due to IRAN imposed sanction by the USA. Saffron company not only process the saffron from farm to ready to consumption saffron they also manufacture the packing in many sizes.
Based on the incomplete statistics, the amount of saffron production in Iran is estimated at about 500 tons in 2019. Annually, about 150 tons of 350 tons are transferred to other countries every year in various forms of suitcase trade by saffron producers, travelers, tourists, pilgrims or traffickers without registering the amount of it in many places.
The saffron production in the traditional way requires a large labor force but our saffron company by using the new engineering technological instruments not only made the process hygienic but also made it more cost-benefit in harvesting, as well as, the perennial plant of saffron has not great product to harvest, after one and second-year age of planting. On the other hand, the lower the supply and the greater demand for saffron at international markets have caused the price of this product to be very expensive. But in the world, especially Iranian producers are considers a lucrative product.
Saffron is recognized as the most expensive spice and its production is without government bans in most countries, and the consumption is legal. It has international fame as the red gold of the agricultural sector and a strategic spice in Iran. Most of the people in the world know the name of saffron and its unique medicinal properties. One of the surprising things about saffron is its price. Per capita consumption of saffron in the world is only 14 milligrams (equivalent to just a few saffron stigmas). The main reason for the low global per capita consumption is the lack of saffron production and its high price. On the other hand, there is a massive demand for saffron consumption and the low production and supply of it in the world are considered as the main reasons of fraud in the supply of saffron products to domestic and foreign markets. We recommend saffron wholesalers to buy their saffron recognized the well-known saffron company.
It is easy to produce fake saffron by direct and indirect spray the eatable or even saffron color to the white saffron roots by the fraud intention. in many cases saffron wholesaler is responsible for such fraud , they buy the saffron roots with 1/15 price of saffron and then painting them with saffron spray and mix it with pure saffron, if you search you will easily notice that some saffron wholesaler sell saffron at very cheap price comparing the commodity market price ! in much of the saffron available on the in international markets mostly in India, Dubai, Pakistan Iraq and turkey or even Afghanistan, saffron companies are committing such unethical fraud . What is the main cause of this fraud in the supply of saffron? If the way of production, processing, packaging, standardization, and inspection methods are penetrable then fraud will be committed by the saffron company. Such fraud can be occurred in selling most of the products including butter, sugar, milk powder, wheat, barley, corn, vegetable oil, or even medicine.
If the purpose of saffron purchase is the use of it in the medicinal product, the use of pure saffron is highlighted in order to obtain the best result in medicine, herbal purification, and treatments. For readers and enthusiasts to be familiarized with the use of saffron in the drug industry and treatment, this site addresses some of the routine methods to produce fake saffron. It is important that such information will increase the knowledge of saffron consumers for the use of it for medicinal purposes.
According to Ey Jan organization, who is also saffron producer, if the consumption of saffron in the medicine is increased, it will impact very remarkable benefit for the world of health and also for the agricultural sectors. Saffron companies and saffron wholesalers have the main role to attract the population attention to the saffron benefits. This article introduces the exceptional value of this pricy plant from the point of view of pharmaceutical aspects. Definitely, increasing the per capita level of saffron consumption in families in Iran and other countries is the largest service to the agriculture of this exceptional product which can help to the employment and the economy of Iran. This can be effective in developing instructions and reducing the migration of saffron farmers living in the villages to cities and it is also decreased the depth of poverty and misery.
Bellow, we will explain more about saffron and its benefits and other information you might need.
We have always tried our best to provide the highest quality of saffron to our customers and we are confident that we have done well so far with our customers' satisfaction and will do our best to keep our customers satisfied.
If you look for reliable first hand saffron business partner we recommend you to start with our company and feel the honesty and trust in your business.
We will give very good and reliable services to our worldwide partners.
We always welcome your offer to be our distributor in your country and will equipped you with best production to serve your retail consumers.
Let simply tell you that we are more than an Iranian saffron producer, because we are building a healthy world.
We aware that the consumers use saffron specially for their health and treatments, consequently it’s our first priority to make sure that our product are produced in high standards.
Giving the fact that we are not advertising against our competitors who also are saffron producer in Iran but we are stressing that our look and vision is not only the benefit and we have broad vision to the people as our end consumers.
Your concern are our first priority to deal with, you are never alone in our business partnership.
We as an Iranian saffron manufacturer produce all kinds of saffron in our company with very high quality and purity
We produce saffron in a completely organic way and we guarantee that no chemical fertilizers or pesticides will be used during the cultivation of saffron on our farmlands.
Please mention it that Due to united sated imposed sanction to IRAN the auditing companies are not able to audit and grant organic certificates and this is with deprive us to prove our claim in international market
Since the higher profit of cultivating conventional saffron, most of the Iranian saffron manufacturers prefer to produce conventional saffron and due to the great demand of saffron in all over the world and the lower production of this crop most of the Iranian saffron manufacturers and other countries cultivate conventional saffron which has more returns but we against the most of Iranian saffron manufacturers, cultivate organic saffron because we are not just salesman. We love our business and mind customer satisfaction.
Different types of packaging are available in different sizes, shape and design.
We regularly change our design to respond to our customers’ needs to growth.
Packing: Bulk saffron orders are packed in metal containers or plastic bags of different weights on customer's request.
Retail (gift) boxes include metal boxes, Polycrystal jars and Polycrystal rectangular boxes in different sizes which are 1gram, 3grams, and 5grams containers. Over 1000 retail boxes saffron order is accepted to be packed in your desired weight boxes and also with your own brand.
Different containers have different prices; wholesale saffron is cheaper than retail saffron but packed saffron is more beneficial for the saffron wholesalers.
Prices: Always customer’s first question is about the price. Various factors are involved in the price of saffron, including the type of saffron, the quality, the packing and purchasing saffron from the manufacturer or intermediaries. Depending on these factors, different saffron sellers may have higher or lower prices for their saffron compared with other saffron sellers.
Some saffron wholesalers may give you the same price or even lower than a producer's saffron price. You should be cautious not to be deceived. Unfortunately, most of the saffron in the market are inferior.
There are some fraudsters who buy saffron roots or corn stigmas, color and mix them with pure saffron then sell it as high-quality saffron. There is another way that fraudsters use and it's adding water, sugar, honey or a type of fat to the saffron to make it heavier. This impurity is not easily recognizable to the eye.
What is fresh and pure saffron?
The saffron you buy should be fresh and no additives such as other herbs should be mixed with it. There are some methods to distinguish pure saffron.
Put one of the saffron strands on your tongue. If you have a sweet taste in your mouth, this is fake saffron. This saffron is impregnated with sugar or honey. The original saffron is slightly bitter or sometimes tasteless.
Another surefire way to distinguish genuine saffron is its aroma if you know the smell of saffron.
The original saffron fragrance is very exciting and warm. The fresher the saffron, the smell is sharper
Saffron stigmas are not originally glossy. If so, fat is added to it to increase its weight.
Persian saffron has the best and highest quality in the world. Iran is the biggest Saffron supplier in the world due to its climate factors. The effective results of Saffron cultivation can be achieved in special tropical areas which have the dry warm summer and mild winter. In the past, Iran was the world’s first largest producer and Saffron exporter but nowadays it has other competitors. Over recent years, some countries such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Morocco started to cultivate and produce the Saffron. By conducting various research projects about this priceless plant, Eyjan Saffron supplies the best and highest Saffron's quality from special farms in Qaenat, Ferdoss, Sarayan and Birjand to achieve the customers’ satisfaction. Our team mainly deals with Organic and Pure Iranian Saffron. EYJAN Saffron wants to be leader to , medicinal herbs and food products in bulk and packing. It our pleasure to supply our customers with their special ordered quality, packing or bulk.
If you are going to buy saffron from an Iranian saffron company and you are looking for a reliable and trustworthy company, you are in the right place.
It means we have owned the farmlands in different part of Iran under our own observation to assure the quality and purity.
You will order to have the contract and invoice then after your approval we will request you to deposit the total invoice cost in our account in Canadian dollar in Canada.
Normally the saffron business is advance payment but can be negotiated to divide 50% advance and other 50% at time of the ready to send the customs in Iran along with draft of airball cargo
You can have pure, fresh and high quality saffron in luxurious boxes with the lowest price and our service of delivery is as soon as possible to all over the world.
Normally depends on your quantity of order take from 5 days to 45 days to deliver your saffron in your international airport before the destination customs in airport.
We guarantee that your saffron will reach you as fast as possible with very best service.
Here there is some information that may help you to order your saffron easier:
1_Negin saffron: This is the best kind of saffron that has the best quality and the highest coloring power. It includes includes tall, thick and all red stigmas
Negin saffron is classified into 3 degrees
_Super Negin (5% broken stigmas)
_Exported Negin(10%broken stigmas)
_Normal Negin(15% broken stigmas)
All Negin saffron is supplied with a minimum fracture rate.
2_Sargol saffron: Similar to Begin saffron, Sargol saffron has no yellow part but the only difference between them relies on the size of stigmas.
3_Pushal saffron: includes tall, a little curly and may have1_4 millimeters yellow parts.
4_Dasteh saffron: Half of the bunch saffron is made up of yellow parts.
Different kinds of saffron have different prices. We want to everybody use this precious spice.
It should be noted that all kinds of saffron have the same properties. They are different in power of coloring which is reduced in order from Super Negin saffron to Dasteh saffron.
-All types of saffron are produced in a natural way by Eyjan saffron as an Iranian saffron company. We assure you that no pesticide is added to our farmland.
What is natural farming?
Natural farming is a form of agriculture that does not use chemical fertilizers, pesticides, hormones and alterations, and genetic manipulation in the production and processing of its products, and all processes of soil enhancement, planting and harvesting using natural inputs such as biofertilizer, Composts, beneficial insects, efficient microorganisms (EM)
There are few saffron producers that produce natural saffron. Since the higher profit of cultivating conventional saffron, most of the saffron producers prefer to cultivate conventional saffron. Also due to the great demand of saffron all over the world and the lower production of this crop most of the saffron manufacturer cultivate conventional saffron which has more return but we against most of the saffron producer, cultivate natural saffron because we are not just salesman .we love our business and mind customer satisfaction. We will compensate for our low profit by our high supply.
We mainly use non-chemical methods such as biological control, mechanical traps, choke and steam, flood irrigation to control pests, insidious animals and diseases.
Prices: The prices depend on the kind of saffron, the quality of saffron, packing and whether you buy saffron from a producer or a broker.
the price of our saffron is so reasonable regarding its quality because there is no dealer and you buy saffron from the saffron producer. There are lots of Iranian saffron wholesalers that since they themselves are not saffron producers they have to buy their saffron from other saffron suppliers ., In this case, the quality and the price of saffron supplied by these saffron suppliers are different from buying saffron from the saffron producer.
You can contact us for exact prices.
-All the hygiene tips and standards are compiled in our company and we have multiple ISOs as an Iranian saffron company.
Producing saffron in most cases is non-standard without observing the health principles.
As you know a product goes a long way to reach the consumer from the manufacturer and goes through many middlemen. In this process the saffron may lose its quality and saffron strands may be broken.
Also, it’s not clear how long the dealer holds the saffron and the saffron supplied by these dealers belongs to several months or years ago and it becomes old and expires. Of course, the price of saffron will be different from its first price.
-We don't store saffron in our company. After selling our own saffron we buy saffron as needed from farmers on whose farmland we monitor. Consequently, we supply fresh saffron and also support the farmers.
There are saffron wholesalers and dealers who buy saffron in certain times of the year and store the saffron, in addition to harming to farmers, it also makes the saffron more expensive on the other hand it’s not clear how long they hold the saffron and the saffron they supply belongs to several months and years ago. In this case the saffron ages and becomes old. Furthermore, the saffron while passing from these processes and several dealers’ hands may be broken.
You may deal with saffron wholesalers which although they are not a saffron producer and buy saffron from other saffron companies, have the same price or even lower price than a saffron producer. There can be no reason other than that they mix impurities with their saffron.
Unfortunately, most of the saffron supplied in the market are fake and low-quality saffron. Due to the saffron statistics, the fake saffron owns 80percent of the saffron.
Some fraudsters buy saffron roots or corn stigmas, color them and sell it as high-quality saffron. Their other trick is that they impregnate the saffron with sugar, salt, water, honey or a kind of fat to increase the weight of saffron.
This is recognizable in the laboratory but the problem is that people don’t carry lab equipment while buying saffron.
But there are some methods to distinguish high-quality saffron from the fake one. We will mention them at the End of the essay.
Bulk saffron is packed in bulk saffron containers which include metal boxes and plastic bags. Bulk saffron containers are available in different sizes.
Retail boxes include metal boxes, glass jars, and rectangular glass boxes. They are also available in different sizes which include 1 gram, 3 grams, and 5 grams weight. These retail boxes can be used as gifts.
Your order also is accepted in your desired weight boxes and even with your own brand if it is over 1000 retail boxes.
Bulk saffron and retail saffron have different prices; bulk saffron has lower prices compared with retail packing because of packing costs.
Orders are shipped with airplane and by air-cargo from Tehran international airport. All the affairs are carried out legally.
.Bulk saffron orders are delivered in 15-20 working days and it takes 30-45 working days to have your packed saffron.
To experience our saffron quality and build trust you can start purchasing from our minimum order quantity. Our minimum order quantity (MOQ) is 1 kilogram.
To give you an idea about the costs please mention it that there are fix prices for 200grams to 10-kilo bulk Iran’s customs fatalities like 200 to 250 Canadian dollars and depend on the destination and how far is it the carriage varies and should be asked from the cargo airliners.
- We ourselves are saffron producer and buying saffron from us is like buying firs-hand saffron from the farmer. Consequently, you can have higher quality saffron at a lower price since we have removed brokers.
_We are one of few saffron producers that produce natural saffron. We add no pesticides or fertilizer to our farmlands.
_We supply fresh saffron.We don’t store saffron in our company. After selling our product we buy saffron as needed from the farmers who are under our observations. In this case, you will have fresh saffron.
The saffron you buy should be pure, fresh, sweet-smelling and no other addictives include other herbs or other low_quality saffron should be mixed with saffron.
There are some methods to distinguish pure saffron.
-Put one of the saffron strands on your tongue. If you have a sweet taste in your mouth, this is fake saffron. This saffron is impregnated with sugar or honey. The original saffron is slightly bitter or sometimes tasteless.
-Another surefire way to distinguish genuine saffron is its aroma if you know the smell of saffron.
-The original saffron fragrance is very exciting and warm. The fresher the saffron, the smell is sharper
-Saffron stigmas are not originally glossy. If so, fat is added to it to increase its weight.
Please do not hesitate to contact us by Email or WhatsApp
Although, there is no exact statistics on the Saffron amount and the number of countries producing Iranian Saffron, generally, global Saffron production in the world including also the consumption of Saffron producers is estimated about 500 tons. About 100 tons of this amount are consumed by Saffron manufacturers in the world or used in other food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical and industrial products. Countries such as Morocco, Nigeria, the United Kingdom, Turkey, Palestine, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Egypt, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, France, America, Azerbaijan, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, and are also considered as Saffron producers that account for about 15 percent of the global Saffron production.
In terms of quantity and quality, Iran ranks first among the largest Persian Saffron producers in the world even though there is no detailed statistics on the world's Saffron production. But, according to estimates, Iran manufactures about 85 percent of total production of Saffron in the world. In addition, most of the Saffron amount produced in Afghanistan is also imported to Iran market and sold as Saffron produced in Iran. Based on the incomplete statistics, the amount of Saffron production in Iran is estimated about 400 tons. Annually, about 100 tons of 300 tons are transferred to other countries every year in various forms of suitcase trade by Saffron producers, travelers, terrorists, pilgrims or traffickers without registering the amount of it in any places. The Saffron production in traditional way requires a large labor force, as well as, the perennial Saffron plant has not great product to harvest, after one and second year of planting. On the one hand, the lower the supply and the greater demand for Saffron at international markets has caused the price of this product to be very expensive. But for Saffron producers in the world, especially Iranian producers, is a lucrative product. Saffron is recognized as the most expensive crop and its production is without government bans. It has international fame as the red gold of the agricultural sector and an over-strategic crop. Most of the people in the world know the name of Saffron and its unique medicinal properties. One of the surprising things about Saffron is its price.
Fraud with plant origin
The use of safflower, aristocratic or evergreen flowers, and turmeric rhizomes instead of Saffron stigmas is called fraud with plant origin. It has been a common method of cheating since the past. For this fraud, Saffron colors may be separated from the flags of the safflower flower may be separated and then colored with Saffron colors.
In order to distinguish the pure Iranian Saffron especially for the medicinal product, the Saffron should be placed on the clean glassy surface and each of the damaged Saffron stigmas that have funnel form should be counted. If the number of these Saffron stigmas is less than 10% of the total number of Saffron filaments in one gram, Saffron is free of fraud with plant origin or else it is cheated and should be avoided buying it.
Fortunately, with little experience or simple and immediate tests, the pure Persian Saffron, with its unique aroma, flavor and color, can be distinguished easily from fake Saffron. It's far easier than to check the purity of honey, definitely, it can be said that 80% of honey in Iran's market is the victim to fraud or at least the use of excess sugar has been used to feed the bees or in other words, sugar is deformed to produce honey but it should be mentioned that it is likely that twenty to thirty percent of Saffron available in Iran's market has been subjected to one of the frauds described. To avoid buying fake Saffron, Saffron should be purchased from its production center as follows:
1 Buying the main Saffron Thread (Poushal) or Bunch Saffron (Daste) from the farmers of the village where Saffron is cultivated.
2 Buying the main Bunch Saffron from reputable Saffron sellers in the areas where Saffron is cultivated.
3 Awareness of the appearance, aroma, taste, and color of Saffron. Dark red Saffron is not suitable for medicinal purposes. Broken Saffron, with other impurities that can be noticed easily, are also not suitable.
Fraud with plant origin by unconscienced saffron company
The use of safflower, aristocratic or evergreen flowers, and turmeric rhizomes instead of saffron stigmas is called fraud with plant origin. It has been a common method of cheating since the past. For this fraud, saffron colors may be separated from the flags of the safflower flower may be separated and then colored with saffron colors. In order to distinguish the pure saffron especially for the medicinal product, the saffron should be placed on the clean glassy surface and each of the damaged saffron stigmas that have funnel form should be counted. If the number of these saffron stigmas is less than 10% of the total number of saffron filaments in one gram, saffron is free of fraud with plant origin or else it is cheated and should be avoided buying it.
Purchasing of genuine saffron from well-known saffron company
Fortunately, with little experience or simple and immediate tests, the pure saffron, with its unique aroma, flavor and color, can be distinguished easily from fake saffron. It's far easier than to check the purity of honey, definitely, it can be said that 80% of honey in Iran's market is the victim to fraud or at least the use of excess sugar has been used to feed the bees or in other words, sugar is deformed to produce honey but it should be mentioned that it is likely that twenty to thirty percent of saffron available in Iran's market has been subjected to one of the frauds described.
The easiest way to identify fake Saffron
The easiest way to detect impure Saffron is to provide boiling water that is usually available anywhere in Saffron areas or anywhere in the market, and the demand for one small cup of boiling water or carrying a small flask with yourself is not difficult. To run this simple test, you must ask the seller to give the Saffron that you want to buy it. Then take about 20 threads from it and place them inside the cup of boiling water. Just 50 cc of boiling water is necessary to acquire the best result of the experiment. With pure Saffron, you will see the threads slowly releasing a golden hue not immediately. It can take around 10 minutes for the cup of water to turn completely yellow. Take the Saffron threads from the boiling water if some or some of them completely lost their color and whitened, then the Saffron is fake and contains other ingredients.
In such circumstances, you should not discuss with the seller that your Saffron is not genuine because in the business market, there is no right for the customers and you should avoid the conflict. If your purpose is to use Saffron for medicinal drug, never buy fake Saffron.
The second method is also very simple. You should take about ten threads of Saffron that you want to buy it and thoroughly chop it on a surface of a clean white paper. Then again by using boiling water, but this time it is not necessary 50 ccs of boiling water, even by a few drops of boiling, you can confirm the Saffron purity. Pour a few drops of boiling water on the chopped Saffron and wait a few minutes, the main Saffron hue is release after a few minutes and the red color od it is near bright red or yellow, if you saw some parts of the chopped Saffron threads that are white, there is also the possibility of fraud, so the purchase of this Saffron should be avoided.
A third method for identifying fake Saffron is simply test the aroma, taste and color of Saffron. To distinguish the taste of Saffron, you should place a few Saffron threads in your mouth and if the taste is a bit bitter, this product can be pure irani Saffron. On the other hand, after three minutes, if the red color of those Saffron threads changed to yellow, it can be the second sign of the Saffron purity. It should be noted that after three minutes, If the color of Saffron threads or some parts of them changed to white color, this kind of Saffron is fake.
The pure Saffron has a special aroma as soon as the lid of the special container for it is opened then the unique aroma of it fill the twenty to thirty square meters of the store, and this aroma and odor can be smelled from the distance of one hundred meters in the Saffron market. The main color of the Saffron is also bright red if the Saffron in a package has dark red, this Saffron is not original or fresh and it is not suitable for the medicinal purposes. Another important point in Saffron color is that sellers always put the best kind of Saffron behind the store window, but the kind of Saffron that they sell is not the same. In addition, with yellow light and its reflection on the eye- catching packages of Saffron, a wave of magnificence for the customer is created. As a result, it is vital to be aware of the medicinal and therapeutic uses of Saffron. The knowledge and experience of Saffron producer should be employed for purchasing the pure Saffron, or else the health of consumers is endangered by various types of chemicals ingredients added to Saffron.
We are faced with a lot of problems in the Third World, Iran is the world's first organic Saffronproducer. Purchasing the pure Saffron should be possible in Iran, not in Europe, the UAE or Saudi Arabia, which annually produces several hundred kilograms of carcinogenic ingredients as Saffron. They imported this kind of Saffron by unknowable Hajjis that they want to buy a souvenir from Saudi Arabia for their families and relatives. The main purpose of these countries is to destroy the cultivation of Saffron in Iran. Therefore, the cheap price of Saffron anywhere in the world can be a sign of the impure Saffron. Each gram of chemical called Saffron is a thousand tomans, any other product that is cheap and has no flavor and color properties as described in the above tests is not Saffron. It has not the value for medical purposes and it is also harmful and carcinogenic.
The basis quality of Saffron after production depends on the processing, packaging and storage conditions in order to achieve the desired result in the treatment
of diseases. Due to its effective ingredients containing the aroma, flavor and color, Saffron should be kept in special conditions and containers.
The best temperature for keeping Saffron is at a cool temperature from 5 to 15 degrees Celsius and relative humidity of less than 30 percent. Also, the Saffron storage environment should be completely dark. At high temperature and relative humidity more than 30% moisture, Saffron that absorbs the humidity over time its color, qualitative and quantitative properties are reduced for the medicinal purposes.
Crocus Sativus L. which is called cultivated Saffron; it’s a type of Saffron that belongs to Iridaceae family. Nowadays Persian Saffron product has been known as the most expensive and prized seasoning in the whole world and has difference implication in modern and traditional cookery, Food industry, Pharmacy, Textile and dying, Painting and Perfuming industry as well. Persian Saffron cultivation has historical antiquity in Iran country. Scientist and researcher had known Iran as the provenance of the Saffron. Despite there is no accurate statistics of planting this product in Iran, but unofficial statistics indicating that annual product of Saffron is about 400 tons and referring to this fact there is no doubt that Iran is the first producer of this product in the world.
In accordance to post-doctoral research of Natigham University which took 5 years and broadcasting research results in the second international conference of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Quality of Iran’s Saffron considered as the highest classification in comparison to the other producer in the world.
The height of this planet is about 14 to 40 cm which is mostly the height of leaves from the ground; this plant has a very strong bulbous and covered by brown fiber membrane which is called corm, the roots of this plant is bush and clump as well.
Specific feature of cultivation of this product has been announced and written by writer and published by Isfahan Nasooh publication for the first time, Saffron cultivation has an exclusive place ,but due to the lack of research disbursement for saffron in Iran ministry of Science, lack of research and development corresponding to inimitable medicinal properties of saffron and cultivated feature of this plant in agricultural ministry and governmental organization which has the whole budget for researches, lack of planning for systematizing saffron import and export in management and planning organization ,lack of support from government in knowledge and innovation and required technology for saffron, lack of recognizing cultivation techniques by saffron experts in planting and harvesting.
Persian Saffron has two stem, aerial stem is very shiny and green which is end with one or several complex flower together that arise from the seedling on the corm. The length of gramineous stem is various and based on the depth of cultivation vary from 10 to 30 cm, in fact, this stem protects and keeps the Saffron flowers and petals to develop without any barrier directed to the ground. Saffron has another stem which is figure, hard, circle, small, and likely to Gladiolus corm, its flat in the base and figure like a pitcher and linear on the top of it. The size of Saffron corm is varying from hazel size to coarse walnut. Mostly the size depending on compression of corm on the farm, soil fertility circumstances, pattern, and contexture of the soil, and intensity or weakness of weed grows. The number of Saffron flowers depending on the size of the corm, in the case that the farm is old and leading to the poverty of food elements corms turn to the small and tiny size and the number of flower will be decrease in following year.
Development and appearance of Saffron flowers considered to the first irrigation and vary from time to time and mostly appearing in a period of 15 to 20 days in November and December. Appearance of the flowers gradually increases and we can see the peak of flowering season in 6 to 8 days.
Saffron leaves are narrow, linear and covered by dark green color that can be finding after flowers appearance. In the circumstance that the irrigation done earlier before the proper time of the first irrigation or in the first year that there is no flower and the leaves of Saffron had been grazed by rabbits or sheep, you cannot expect to have flowers since at this condition we have only the appearance of the leaves.
Required authorization and permission for exporting Iranian Saffron
One of the most important regulation that the government codified for this precious product which we call it red-gold, forcing trader to obtain certificates and licenses which lead to prove only pure and high quality Iranian Saffron is permitted to be export. Considering to these regulations, jobber brokers and any agent would not be able to ruin the well-known reputation of Iranian Saffron.
One of the nominated licenses is relate directly to the ministry of Health and Medical Education which known as Health certificate and Standard certificate which issue by Institute of standards and industrial Research. At the same time is it mandatory that any person or export company apply for obtaining commercial card from Iran chamber of commerce before proceeding the export of Saffron.
Main factor effecting on Saffron rate
Due to the experimental methods the main factor which affect directly on the rate is health and bulkiness of the stigmas, the freshness of Saffron always has effect on the fragrance of it called safranal which gives it aroma, and follow to this fact it would more effective on quality and price of the Saffron
Saffron amount of crocin or the factor that affecting on the pigmentation of this product works the same, health and bulkiness of stigmas has the direct effect on the high level of pigmentation in Saffron. At the end the redness of Saffron pigmentation would have higher price in the market.
In our traditional medicine benefits and medicinal beneficial of infusion Saffron has been mentioned as further you know Saffron has dry and warm nature which is use for various type of disease in traditional medicine, Modern medicine which is programmed basically according to the traditional medicine is highly regarded to variety of positive healthy Saffron benefits and managed to prove it. One of the most important properties of Iranian Saffron is begin pleasurable and bracing which is use in the treatment of depression and apply for making anti depression medicines.
Iranian saffron indication and usage Mainly Ghayen and Birjand rural area use infusion saffron like tea and hosting the guest by this prized drink. Saffron tea is usually common on harvesting seasons .In ancient time saffron was known as holy plant and utilizing in religious ceremonies by Jewish leaders for the god ,although before saffron been known as the spice and drug used as the color for written down the holy books ,according to the non-stability of saffron color written with it became obsolete. Finally saffron color is use for cotton and silk coloration ,yarn or silk will be boil with the hot water and in the next step saffron add to it ,if they wants to turn it to green some indigo color would be add to it and then they’ll wash it again.
Chemical Compound of the saffron
Based on the traditional medicine scientist researchers, medicinal plants, foods chemicals, Pharmacy, cultivate plant physiology ,plant physiology, medical and civilization science and which are transmitted according to the conventions for thousands year proof that ,Iranian were the first and ancient consumer of the saffron . Saffron is the most precious medicinal plant known that known as the magical plant on the earth which you are not able to find any plant like this valuable plant. The main factor that approach saffron alike a pharmacy is the effective and impure substance in this plant which you cannot in any cultivated plant .one of the impressive properties of this plant is the availability of harvesting before growing procedure. This cultivated properties decrease the risk of damaging the flowers in confronting with mulch, poison,herbicides,insecticides,preciptions,pollutant,disease,pests, Therefore in the field of cultivation there is no plant like saffron that have the ability to protected in minimum time against mentioned items. This privilege points made increased saffron value in medicinal and treatment utilization and encouraged people to use it.
It has been done much research in considering saffron effective compounds. Based on this research Three main compounds in saffron contains crocin which is related to color factor, glycosylic pirocrocin which is responsible for the bitter taste of the saffron plant and at the end saffron that is the many factor of aroma of this plant. Crocin and safranal are the main compound of the saffron and the pirocrocin had known as the basically and precursor of safranal. Additional to mentioned compounds, other chemical compounds such as Anthocyanin’s, flavonoids, vitamins, Riboflavin and thiamine, amine acids, Starches, minerals and gums. Crocine (c44h4o24) structure is made by one Di-ester and disaccharides that been made from genotobius and Crocotinic Acid Carboxylic which is known as the one of the water soulabe carotenoid. Crocin has the medicinal properties contains anti–cancer, promoting on learning and mind. In addition to antioxidant activity of this substance and distinctive color of orang_red, pigmentation of it use usually by food stuff producers, and color industries as well. Pigments widely used in anti- aging factors in cosmetics.
According to the various research crocin is the one of the most important substance consider to the compound of it in saffron plant. Crocin has the wide mechanism and the most effective substance in cancer therapeutic. Recent studies and research prove that, after digestion of saffron by alimentary canal crocin will hydrolyzed by small intestine.
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